Cemeteries are a part of British landscape and British culture. They have been a kind of gardens or parkswhere tired of the noise and city fuss Londoners can spend a few hours alone with nature and theirthoughts. The system of cemeteries, which exists now in the UK, was formed during the Victorian era. In themid-19th century, it became obvious that London metropolis could not bury their dead in cemeteries more, because its population reached 2.5 million. The problem escalated dramatically when in the 1830s choleraepidemic happened. So that, and in 1832 the new law foresaw to bury dead in suburbs, behind the cityterritory. Seven large cemeteries, forming the “Magnificent Seven” were built that time. Kensal Green hasbecome the first Cemetery. The other places are West Norwood Cemetery, Highgate, Abney Park Cemetery,Nunhead Cemetery, Brompton and Tower Hamlets cemetery.
• Highgate Cemetery
Highgate is the most famous London Cemetery. It was built in 1839 and it comes into the “Magnificent Seven”. Standing on a picturesque hill, surrounded by wild vegetation, Highgate Cemetery quickly became a verypopular place of burial. Partly it has got this fame due to the graves of famous people. However, Londonersand tourists from overseas come there also to admire its rich architecture and typical nature of Londonsuburbs. Since 1975, the western part of Highgate is opened only for tours. Visitors adore the EgyptianAvenue, 300-year-old Lebanese cedar, the mausoleum of Julius Beer, which price is over ₤ 3 million.
Currently the dead are not buried there more, but it always attracts many visitors with its gloomy romanceand the graves of famous people. Highgate was the last refuge for several hundred prominent personalities,including academics, lords, mayors and members of the Royal Society. This is truly a wonderful place with arich collection of Gothic mausoleums, tombs and stunning Victorian architecture monuments. The cemeteryis divided into two parts, Western Highgate and Eastern Highgate. The most famous “inhabitant” of the Eastern Highgate is Karl Marx. George Eliot, Douglas Adams, Patrick Caulfield are also buried there. John Galsworthy, Charles Dickens, Michael Faraday, Lucian Freud, and many other famous writers, artists,scientists, poets, actors, sculptors, athletes and political figures found their last place of rest in theWestern Highgate. Tourists can visit the Eastern part of the cemetery from Monday to Friday, and everySaturday there are guided tours under the guidance of a guide. The Western part is opened only to tourgroups, and free entry is prohibited there. The tour lasts one hour once a day on working days and everyhalf an hour on weekends.
According to legends, you can meet there the ghosts of malicious people who. For example, Jack the Ripperor prototype of doctor Moriarty, the enemy of Sherlock Holmes. There are also many legends aboutvampires walking there. The bulk of the stories about Dracula are about Highgate Cemetery as well.Therefore, this place will be interesting to tourists enjoying the mysticism.
Kensal Green cemetery was founded in 1833. Its prototype was French Pere Lachaise Cemetery. The cemetery comes into the “Magnificent Seven” as well.
About ten years of the cemetery existence, it was not considered prestigious, and was used to buryordinary citizens. That changed in 1843, when a member of the royal family August Frederick, Duke of Sussex, uncle of Queen Victoria and the sixth son of King George III wished to be buried here. After that 12members of the royal family, about 600 noble people were buried on Kensal Green Cemetery and about 550monuments have become national treasurers. Today the cemetery covers 77 acres. It has a crematoriumbuilt in 1902, two chapels: Anglican and nonconformist. Tourist can visit only one part of the cemetery,where the main chapel is placed.
• Abney Park Cemetery
Abney Park Cemetery will be interesting to those who study the history of religious movements. This is oneof London’s two cemeteries created for Baptists, Methodists and other religious dissidents. The big army ofvolunteers keeps its territory (32 acres) tidy and clean.
• Brompton Cemetery
• West Norwood Cemetery
West Norwood Cemetery has collected a large number of memorial objects relating to Victorian culture.
In Nunhead Cemetery, located in the south of London you’ll meet monuments of poor and wealthy citizens.
• Tower Hamlets cemetery
Tower Hamlets cemetery can be easily confused with a usual par due to its rich vegetation surroundingarea. Opeed in 1841, it has more than 7000 graves.